3D Printed House 1.0


3D Printed House 1.0 (3D打印的房子 1.0) is a case study in 3D printing major components of a 3D printed house for the Jin Hai Lake Resort Beijing.


The exterior cladding of 3D Printed House 1.0 will be constructed 3D printed using a special 3D printed fiber reinforced cement polymer, developed by Emerging Objects. The variegated pattern allows for views and light to pass through in some areas of the wall, but not in others. The quality of light and shadow constantly changes across the surface with the passing of the day. Major structural components of the house will be comprised of cast in place concrete, plastered white.


The interior of the 3D printed facade wall reveals the bumpy surface’s underlying geometry—a series of interconnected pentagons, hexagons and quadrilateral shapes whose terminus is a circle.


Inside, the private spaces of the house—the bedrooms, bathrooms and family dining room are housed in translucent 3D printed double hieght and two story tall vessels constructed of 3D printable salt polymer.


The interior of the salt volumes capture light from skylights above, creating a series of glowing translucent rooms within the concrete box.


Outside, adjacent to the pool, is a free standing 3D printed pool cabana.



1. Game Room 2. Master Bedroom 3. Library/Office 4. Guest Room 5. Formal Dinning 6. Dining/Kitchen 7. Foyer 8. Pool 9. Pool House 10. Garden 11. Parking 12. Entrance

The house explores justopositions between traditional construction methods and 3D printed manufacturing. It also explores relationships between public and private within the organization of the program of the house.


Translucency, porosity and openness are all tested in the different material conditions and inform the optics, lighting, views and thresholds between adjacent spaces.


Prototypes of the 3D printed salt rooms were constructed at full scale to demonstrate the potential of 3D printed architecture.



Project Date: 2013
Project Location: Beijing, China
Client: Jinhai Lake Development
Design Team: Ronald Rael, Virginia San Fratello, Eleftheria Stavridi, Seong Koo Lee.
Additional Project Information: More information at Emerging Objects

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